Gonzalez, V.; Fries, A.; Rollenbeck, R.; Paladines, J.; Oñate-Valdivieso, F. & Bendix, J. (2016): Assessment of deforestation during the last decades in Ecuador using NOAA-AVHRR satellite data. Erdkunde70(3), 217-235.
Human activities during the last decades provoked a notable reduction in global forest cover. Knowing that
forest stands act as stock and sinks for carbon and other greenhouse gases, it is important to determine the existing forest
cover at country level and to calculate annual deforestation rates. This work uses NOAA satellite images in a resolution of
1 km x 1 km to classify the surface of continental Ecuador in “forest” – “non-forest” pixels and to estimate the annual
deforestation rate from 1986 to 2001 as well as from 2001 to 2008. The method is based on a decision tree algorithm that
includes different spectral bands of the NOAA-AVHRR sensor and additional topographic and meteorological parameters.
The results show that the total forest cover of continental Ecuador was reduced from 48.1 % in 1986 to 36.8 % in 2008. The
calculated annual deforestation rates indicate that forest reduction increased during the last decade. The most affected area
is the Coastal Lowland, due to the enhanced population pressure, followed by the Amazon Basin, not only caused by the
governmental supported oil and mining industry, but also due to the uncontrolled timber extraction. The Andean Highland
has been less affected, because the major parts of this region were deforested before, during the Pre-Columbian-Era.