Cite as:
Cordova, M.; Carrillo-Rojas, G.; Crespo, P.; Wilcox, B. &amp; Celleri, R. (2015): <b>Evaluation of the Penman-Monteith (FAO 56 PM) Method for Calculating Reference Evapotranspiration Using Limited Data: Application to the Wet P&aacute;ramo of Southern Ecuador</b>. <i>Mountain Research and Development</i> <b>35</b>(3), 230-239.

Resource Description

Title: Evaluation of the Penman-Monteith (FAO 56 PM) Method for Calculating Reference Evapotranspiration Using Limited Data: Application to the Wet Páramo of Southern Ecuador
FOR816dw ID: 280
Publication Date: 2015-08-01
License and Usage Rights: PAK 823-825 data user agreement. (
Resource Owner(s):
Individual: Mario Cordova
Individual: Galo Carrillo-Rojas
Individual: Patricio Crespo
Individual: Bradford Wilcox
Individual: Rolando Celleri
Reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is often calculated using the Penman-Monteith (FAO 56 PM; Allen et al 1998) method, which requires data on temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and solar radiation. But in high-mountain environments, such as the Andean páramo, meteorological monitoring is limited and high-quality data are scarce. Therefore, the FAO 56 PM equation can be applied only through the use of an alternative method suggested by the same authors that substitutes estimates for missing data. This study evaluated whether the FAO 56 PM method for estimating missing data can be effectively used for páramo landscapes in the high Andes of southern Ecuador. Our investigation was based on data from 2 automatic weather stations at elevations of 3780 m and 3979 m. We found that using estimated wind speed data has no major effect on calculated ETo but that if solar radiation data are estimated, ETo calculations may be erroneous by as much as 24%; if relative humidity data are estimated, the error may be as high as 14%; and if all data except temperature are estimated, errors higher than 30% may result. Our study demonstrates the importance of using high-quality meteorological data for calculating ETo in the wet páramo landscapes of southern Ecuador.
| Ecuador | Andes | Tropical Mountain Ecosystem | mount | mountainous regions | reference evapotranspiration | meteorological data | limited data | Penman-Monteith |
Literature type specific fields:
Journal: Mountain Research and Development
Volume: 35
Issue: 3
Page Range: 230-239
Publisher: BioOne
Publication Place: Washington, DC
ISSN: 1994-7151
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Galo Carrillo-Rojas
Online Distribution:
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